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The Lake Titicaca National Reserve is located in the department of Puno, with a surface area of 36,180 hectares, the national reserve in practically its entirety covers the world's highest navigable lake.
The Titicaca Reserve is split into two separate sectors:
the first, which lies in the Bay of Puno itself, protects the totora reed clumps which provide sustenance to the Uros-Chulluni communities; the second, which is located in the Huancane area, features less-visited totora marshes, but which are equally rich in species and just as interesting. In the area there are 60 bird species, including the Titicaca grebe, 14 native fish species and 18 types of amphibians, including the giant Titicaca toad.
Temperatures fluctuate widely during day and night. The best time to visit the area is from May to October, when days are sunny, rain showers infrequent and daytime temperatures often topping 25°C. Temperatures plunge to nearly freezing at night, however.
There are regular flights from Lima to the town of Juliaca, an hour by road from Puno. The port of Puno also features several ferry services which run to the main islands in the lake.
Tourist infrastructure such as restaurants and lodging is plentiful around the lake. Visitors are recommended to spend at least three days, with a night on one of the islands on the lake (such as Taquile or Amantani).
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