Santa Catalina de Guadalcazar. This was the Spanish name for this town wedged in the heart of one of the most fertile valleys along the south Peruvian coast. Thanks to a benign climate, the Conquerors succeeded in planting sprawling vineyards and raking in abundant harvests.
Famous for its wines and pisco (grape brandy), Moquegua features many attractions for visitors: its main square features a fountain designed by French architect Gustave Eiffel, while in the Iglesia Mayor church the faithful worship Santa Fortunata, a martyr from the early days of Christianity.
Heading deeper into the department, visitors will find unique provinces such as Torata, where the houses still feature picturesque old-fashioned roofs overshadowed by imposing stone mills, or Ilo, the main port on Peru's south coast.